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    12 UNIT 7 READING

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    Nguồn: VINH.NTBC
    Người gửi: Huỳnh Quang Vinh (trang riêng)
    Ngày gửi: 18h:25' 05-02-2012
    Dung lượng: 1.8 MB
    Số lượt tải: 11
    Số lượt thích: 1 người (Lê Quốc Bảo)
    THE GIFT FOR CLASS 12T2
    UNIT 7
    ECONOMIC REFORMS
    READING
    Cửa hàng thời bao cấp
    Xếp
    hàng
    thời
    bao
    cấp
    Đám cưới thời bao cấp
    Tem phiếu thời bao cấp.
    Đi lại thời "Bao cấp“: Hành khách (học sinh - sinh viên) tranh nhau đu bám khi đi xe đò, xe lửa.
    BEFORE YOU READ
    1. How was our country at that time?
    - Our country was very poor at that time.
    2. Do you think that the people in the pictures
    lead a rich or a poor life?
    - I think they lead a poor life.
    Now we read the passage to realize that
    how has our country changed
    and developed from those conditions:
    WHILE YOU READ :
    Read the passage and do the tasks that follow :
    One of the most important measures to be taken to promote the development of a country is to constantly carry out economic reforms. Being aware of this, in December 1986, at its Sixth National Congress, the Vietnamese Communist Party initiated an overall economic reform, commonly known as “ Doi Moi ”
    ( Renovation ). The aim of Doi Moi was to restructure the economy of Vietnam and to raise the living standards of the people.
    Before Doi Moi our country experienced a lot of difficulties: the economy was under-developed and was dominated by traditional agriculture; the country was poor, the people led a poor life, production was stagnant; there was a shortage of schools and hospitals, and inflation could be seen in every sector of the economy. To solve these problems, our Government introduced a number of renovation measures: they eliminated government subsidies; they shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes, namely, production of food, production of consumer goods and production of exports; they reduced state intervention in business; they opened trade relations with all countries in the world and encouraged foreign and domestic private investment.
    The subsequent National Congresses of the Vietnamese Communist Party held in 1991,1996 and 2001 continued to reaffirm its commitment to Doi Moi, and called for more administrative and economic reforms. Under the Party’s guidelines, the Government adopted the Land Law in 1993 and the Enterprises Law in 2000. These have laid legal grounds for dissolving inefficient co-operatives expanding more opportunities for farmers, and encouraging both domestic and foreign private investment.
    Since Doi Moi, our country has undergone substantial changes: productivity and agricultural exports have constantly increased, the farmers have enjoyed land use rights and have had greater choice on how to use their agricultural land, the workers have worked harder as their time is their money, and the children, particularly those from ethnic minorities have had more opportunities to enjoy education and training.
    We believe that with the strong commitment of our Party and Government to Doi Moi, we will gain greater achievements and build a better life for our people.
    Read aloud and give the meaning of the words:
    Initiate (v):
    Reform (v), (n):
    Overall (adj):
    Renovate (v):
     Renovation (n):
    Dominate (v)
    Subsidy (n):
    Stagnant (adj):
    Shift ST from A to B:
    Intervene (v):
    Intervention (n):
    - Domestic (adj):
    - Invest (v):
    Investment (n):
    - Subsequent (adj):


    - Reaffirm (v):
    - Commit (v):
     Commitment (n):
    - Administrate (v):
     Administrative (adj):
    - Adopt (v):
    - Lay – laid – laid ≈ put down
    - Enterprise (n):
    - Legal ≠ illegal (adj):
    - Dissolve (v):
    - Efficient ≠ inefficient (adj):
    - Co-operate (v):
    - Co-operative (adj), (n):
    - Undergo (v):
    - Substantial (adj):
    Task 1 : Give the Vietnamese equivalents:
    National Congress
    renovation /,renə`vei∫n /
    under-developed
    dominate / `dɔmineit /
    stagnant / `stægnənt /
    inflation / in`flei∫n /
    government subsidy
    / `gʌvənmənt `sʌbsədi /
    8. government commitment / kə`mitmənt /
    9. dissolve / di`zɔlv /
    10. substantial / səb`stæn∫l /
    (n) : Đại hội toàn quốc
    (n) : sự đổi mới
    (adj) : chưa phát triển
    (v) : chi phối.
    (adj) : trì trệ.
    (n) : sự lạm phát
    (n) : sự bao cấp của chính phủ
    (n) : sự cam kết của chính phủ
    (v) : tan rã
    (adj) : lớn lao, đáng kể

    Task 2: True or False statements

    1. Economic reform is the most important measure to be taken to promote the development of a country.
    2. Doi Moi was initiated by the Vietnamese Government in 1986.
    3. Before Doi Moi , inflation was present in all branches of the national economy.
    4. To make Doi Moi to be successful, the Government shifted only economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes.
    5. The Land Law and the Enterprises Law have encouraged both domestic and foreign private investment.
    F

    F

    T

    F

    T

    Task 2: True or False statements

    1. F ( Part 1: Economic reform is just one of the most important economic reforms ).
    2. F ( Part 1:by the Vietnamese Communist Party ).
    3. T ( Part 2 : inflation could be seen in every sector of the economy ).
    4. F ( Part 2: our Government introduced a number of renovation measures ).
    5. T ( Part 3: These have laid legal…………… and foreign private investment ).
    Task 3: Answer the following questions
    :
    1. When and by whom was Doi Moi officially initiated?
    2. What was the aim of Doi Moi?
    3. Name the renovation measures the Government introduced to implement Doi Moi?
    4. How has Vietnam changed since Doi Moi?
    5. What do we believe?
    Answers:
    1. When and by whom was Doi Moi officially initiated?
    - In December 1986 by the Vietnamese Communist party.
    2. What was the aim of Doi Moi?
    -To restructure the economy of Vietnam and to raise the living standards of the people.
    3. Name the renovation measures the Government introduced to implement Doi Moi?
    - Some renovation measures:
    . Eliminated government subsidies.
    . Shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes: production of food, production of consumer goods and production of exports.
    . Reduced state intervention in business.
    . Opened trade relations with all countries in the world.
    . Encouraged foreign and domestic private investment.
    4. How has Vietnam changed since Doi Moi?
    - Productivity and agricultural exports have constantly increased.
    - The farmers have enjoyed land use rights and have had greater choice on how to use their agricultural land.
    - The workers have worked harder.
    - The children, particularly the ethnic minorities have had more opportunities to enjoy education and training.
    5. What do we believe?
    - We will gain greater achievements and build a better life for our people.
    AFTER YOU READ
    Scan the passage and make brief notes of the following points.
    . Vietnam before Doi Moi
    . The Government’s renovation measures
    . Vietnam since Doi Moi
    Before Doi Moi
    After Doi Moi
    Viet nam before Doi Moi
    - Our country experienced lots of difficulties.
    - The country was poor.
    - The people led a poor life.
    - The economy was under-developed and dominated by traditional agriculture.
    - Production was stagnant.
    - Inflation increased.
    - There was a shortage of schools and hospitals.
    Viet nam since Doi Moi
    - The people have had a better life.
    - Productivity and agricultural exports have increased.
    - The farmers have enjoyed land use rights and have had greater choice on how to use the agricultural land.
    - Workers have worked harder.
    - Children have had more opportunities to enjoy education and training.
    The Government’s renovation measures
    Eliminated government subsidies.
    Open trade relations with all countries in the world.
    Shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes: production of food, production of consumer goods and production of exports.
    Reduced state intervention in business.
    Encouraged foreign and domestic private investment.
    THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !
    HAVE A GOOD LESSON!

    TO BETTER OUR LIVES, WE STUDY!
    TO BUILD OUR FUTURE, WE STUDY!
    TO HELP OUR COUNTRY, WE STUDY!

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